Sometimes few AD security groups will not be appeared when adding to Audience. However, we can find same security groups when you add to site collections or some other places.
Reason: Sometimes SharePoint admins might have not configured user profile connection to import all kinds of groups as part of profile synchronization. In that case we should manually import respective groups. Here are the steps
1.Browse CAàManage Service Applications-à Find respective user profile service
6. Choose Groups
9. Then go back to user profile service-à Start Profile Synchronizationà Start Incremental Synchronization
Note: No need of full import, if the group contains already existing users. If users are newly added, then we need full import.
10. Wait till synchronization completes…
11. Go to Manage Audiences
14.Add Name and Owner & choose ‘Satisfy all of the rules’ and click OK
16. Add respective AD security group and hit Ok
17. Hit Compile audience….
That’s it….. your SharePoint audience group has been successfully creates. So we can use where ever we have provision to use….